As we continue to work on the OneOceanNZ project we are constantly finding new resources that contribute to this wide topic.

If you are aware of any interesting resources you would like to share, please email us at

Many of the resources on this list have kindly been suggested by Ann McCrone, Marine Advocate at the World Wildlife Fund New Zealand. ‘The State of our Marine Environment’ map was provided by Bronwen Golder, Director of Global Ocean Legacy the Pew Charitable Trusts.

Ocean Frontiers Trailer

Ocean Frontiers II Trailer







  • The state of our marine environment, (The Kermadec Initiative of The Pew Charitable Trusts Global Ocean Legacy New Zealand 2014)
    Summary Points
  • The total marine environment of New Zealand is 4,128,331 km².
  • Under the Convention on Biological Diversity, New Zealand is committed to protecting at least 10% of its marine environment. New Zealand has 53 no-take or partially protected areas that officially meet the NZ MPA Standard. There are 37 marine reserves (no-take) and 16 Type 2 MPAs (partially protected areas).
  • The total area of marine reserves (n=37) = 17,116 km².
  • The total area of Type 2 MPAs (n=16) = 4,592 km².
  • Marine reserves (n=37) make up 0.45% New Zealand’s marine environment.
  • Offshore MRs make up 16,812 km².
  • Mainland NZ MRs 304 km².
  • At the rate of implementation (until now) it will take 430 years to designate 5% of New Zealand’s marine environment as marine reserve.
  • Currently 12.4% of New Zealand’s marine environment has been allocated for mining or oil and gas permits.
  • Trawl fishing sweeps 9% of New Zealand’s marine environment.
  • No progress appears to have been made towards an EEZ MPA planning process.
  • No progress on the new MR Bill, which was meant to be ready for introduction to the House in the second half of 2013.
  • The only official coastal MPA regional planning process currently underway is the recently started Otago MPA planning process, announced October 2013.
  • There are at least nine community/non-governmental initiated marine protection proposals known to Government (in the Bay of Islands, Hauraki Gulf, Kaikoura, Kaipara Harbour, Kermadec Region, Marlborough Sounds, Mimiwhangata, Whangarei, and on Waiheke Island).